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Recyclable city waste may help generate 30k crore a year: Govt report | India News – Times of India


NEW DELHI: Highlighting how a large share of municipal waste can be prevented from getting dumped at landfills by recycling them, a report prepared by the housing and urban development ministry has recommended complete ban on disposal of recyclables at such sites. It has also recommended state pollution control boards and urban development and industry departments to introduce a tax for dumping of all municipal waste in landfills
The report comes at a time when cities are struggling to get rid of mountains of municipal wastes including the three such big legacy dump sites in Delhi. Cities are also finding it difficult to find new landfill sites.
The report titled ‘Circular Economy in Municipal Solid and Liquid Waste’ said: “Disposing of recyclables in landfills/dump sites not only leads to loss of valued resources but also causes environment pollution.” It has also recommended that the government reduce the GST and other taxes on products made from recycled materials to 5% to encourage recycling of waste.
The report prepared by experts from the IITs, reputed research institutes and government entities gains importance considering that issue of large chunk of untreated and unprocessed municipal wastes going to dump yards or getting into water bodies has emerged as a major crisis amid spurt in urbanisation with little planning to deal with such challenges.
It has estimated that proper treatment of municipal solid, wet and construction wastes can generate nearly Rs 30,000 crore revenue per annum and create employment opportunities for more than one crore people by 2025.
Currently, India generates approximately 1.45 lakh tonnes of solid waste daily and 35% of this is dry waste. A major share of the dry wastes is plastic. The report says that approximately 26,000 tonnes of plastic waste is generated daily and out of this only 15,600 tonnes is recycled. Around 9,400 tonnes is left uncollected and these go to the landfills or water bodies.
The report has estimated that material recycling facilities can help improve recovery from the current Rs 5,187 crore per annum from the dry municipal waste to Rs 17,023 crore by 2025. These can also generate employment of 40 lakh man-days during construction and another 80 lakh man-days in perpetuity for operations and maintenance of these facilities.
It has recommended mandating the use of 25% recycled materials in the non-food grade packaging to ensure uptake of recycled materials and mandating the cement kilns to use 25% RDF (non-recyclable combustible dry waste) replacing coal.
On the wet waste front, the report says about 75,000 tonnes of wet waste is generated per day and nearly 32% of this goes untreated. It has been estimated that the wet waste processing through bio-methanation can yield additional benefits or around Rs 2,460 crores per annum if 50% wet waste is processed by this method in urban areas. This can generate about one crore man-days during construction of treatment plants and about 60 lakh man-days for operation and maintenance of these facilities in perpetuity.
According to the report, around 120 lakh tonnes of construction and demolition waste is generated annually. It said approximately 95% of such waste can be reused or recycled if processed scientifically. The report has recommended that there should be at least one collection point for a coverage area of 5 sq km having a population of 25,000 and the GST for products made from waste should be reduced from 18% to 5%.





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